SQLHelper.cs




// ===============================================================================
// Microsoft Data Access Application Block for .NET
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/dnbda/html/daab-rm.asp
//
// SQLHelper.cs
//
// This file contains the implementations of the SqlHelper and SqlHelperParameterCache
// classes.
//
// For more information see the Data Access Application Block Implementation Overview.
// ===============================================================================
// Release history
// VERSION DESCRIPTION
//   2.0 Added support for FillDataset, UpdateDataset and "Param" helper methods
//
// ===============================================================================
// Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Microsoft Corporation
// All rights reserved.
// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY
// OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
// ==============================================================================

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Xml;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Collections;

namespace Microsoft.ApplicationBlocks.Data
{
 ///


 /// The SqlHelper class is intended to encapsulate high performance, scalable best practices for
 /// common uses of SqlClient
 ///

    public sealed class SqlHelper
    {
        #region private utility methods & constructors

        // Since this class provides only static methods, make the default constructor private to prevent
        // instances from being created with "new SqlHelper()"
        private SqlHelper() {}

        ///


        /// This method is used to attach array of SqlParameters to a SqlCommand.
        ///
        /// This method will assign a value of DbNull to any parameter with a direction of
        /// InputOutput and a value of null. 
        ///
        /// This behavior will prevent default values from being used, but
        /// this will be the less common case than an intended pure output parameter (derived as InputOutput)
        /// where the user provided no input value.
        ///

        /// The command to which the parameters will be added
        /// An array of SqlParameters to be added to command
        private static void AttachParameters(SqlCommand command, SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( command == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "command" );
   if( commandParameters != null )
   {
    foreach (SqlParameter p in commandParameters)
    {
     if( p != null )
     {
      // Check for derived output value with no value assigned
      if ( ( p.Direction == ParameterDirection.InputOutput ||
       p.Direction == ParameterDirection.Input ) &&
       (p.Value == null))
      {
       p.Value = DBNull.Value;
      }
      command.Parameters.Add(p);
     }
    }
   }
        }

        ///


        /// This method assigns dataRow column values to an array of SqlParameters
        ///

        /// Array of SqlParameters to be assigned values
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values
        private static void AssignParameterValues(SqlParameter[] commandParameters, DataRow dataRow)
        {
            if ((commandParameters == null) || (dataRow == null))
            {
                // Do nothing if we get no data
                return;
            }

   int i = 0;
            // Set the parameters values
            foreach(SqlParameter commandParameter in commandParameters)
            {
    // Check the parameter name
    if( commandParameter.ParameterName == null ||
     commandParameter.ParameterName.Length <= 1 )
     throw new Exception(
      string.Format(
       "Please provide a valid parameter name on the parameter #{0}, the ParameterName property has the following value: '{1}'.",
       i, commandParameter.ParameterName ) );
                if (dataRow.Table.Columns.IndexOf(commandParameter.ParameterName.Substring(1)) != -1)
                    commandParameter.Value = dataRow[commandParameter.ParameterName.Substring(1)];
    i++;
            }
        }

        ///


        /// This method assigns an array of values to an array of SqlParameters
        ///

        /// Array of SqlParameters to be assigned values
        /// Array of objects holding the values to be assigned
        private static void AssignParameterValues(SqlParameter[] commandParameters, object[] parameterValues)
        {
            if ((commandParameters == null) || (parameterValues == null))
            {
                // Do nothing if we get no data
                return;
            }

            // We must have the same number of values as we pave parameters to put them in
            if (commandParameters.Length != parameterValues.Length)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("Parameter count does not match Parameter Value count.");
            }

            // Iterate through the SqlParameters, assigning the values from the corresponding position in the
            // value array
            for (int i = 0, j = commandParameters.Length; i < j; i++)
            {
                // If the current array value derives from IDbDataParameter, then assign its Value property
    if (parameterValues[i] is IDbDataParameter)
    {
     IDbDataParameter paramInstance = (IDbDataParameter)parameterValues[i];
     if( paramInstance.Value == null )
     {
      commandParameters[i].Value = DBNull.Value;
     }
     else
     {
      commandParameters[i].Value = paramInstance.Value;
     }
    }
    else if (parameterValues[i] == null)
    {
     commandParameters[i].Value = DBNull.Value;
    }
    else
    {
     commandParameters[i].Value = parameterValues[i];
    }
            }
        }

        ///


        /// This method opens (if necessary) and assigns a connection, transaction, command type and parameters
        /// to the provided command
        ///

        /// The SqlCommand to be prepared
        /// A valid SqlConnection, on which to execute this command
        /// A valid SqlTransaction, or 'null'
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParameters to be associated with the command or 'null' if no parameters are required
        /// true if the connection was opened by the method, otherwose is false.
        private static void PrepareCommand(SqlCommand command, SqlConnection connection, SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, SqlParameter[] commandParameters, out bool mustCloseConnection )
        {
   if( command == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "command" );
   if( commandText == null || commandText.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "commandText" );

            // If the provided connection is not open, we will open it
   if (connection.State != ConnectionState.Open)
   {
    mustCloseConnection = true;
    connection.Open();
   }
   else
   {
    mustCloseConnection = false;
   }

            // Associate the connection with the command
            command.Connection = connection;

            // Set the command text (stored procedure name or SQL statement)
            command.CommandText = commandText;

            // If we were provided a transaction, assign it
            if (transaction != null)
            {
    if( transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
                command.Transaction = transaction;
            }

            // Set the command type
            command.CommandType = commandType;

            // Attach the command parameters if they are provided
            if (commandParameters != null)
            {
                AttachParameters(command, commandParameters);
            }
            return;
        }

        #endregion private utility methods & constructors

        #region ExecuteNonQuery

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset and takes no parameters) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );

            // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                return ExecuteNonQuery(connection, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, "PublishOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored prcedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteNonQuery(connection, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );

            // Create a command and prepare it for execution
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
            PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
     
            // Finally, execute the command
            int retval = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
     
            // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
   if( mustCloseConnection )
    connection.Close();
            return retval;
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(conn, "PublishOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteNonQuery(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteNonQuery(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteNonQuery(transaction, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
  public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Finally, execute the command
   int retval = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
      
   // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
   cmd.Parameters.Clear();
   return retval;
  }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(conn, trans, "PublishOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteNonQuery(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteNonQuery(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion ExecuteNonQuery

        #region ExecuteDataset

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteDataset(connectionString, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );

            // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                return ExecuteDataset(connection, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(connString, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(string connectionString, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteDataset(connection, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }
 
        ///
        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
  public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Create the DataAdapter & DataSet
   using( SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd) )
   {
    DataSet ds = new DataSet();

    // Fill the DataSet using default values for DataTable names, etc
    da.Fill(ds);
   
    // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
    cmd.Parameters.Clear();

    if( mustCloseConnection )
     connection.Close();

    // Return the dataset
    return ds;
   }
  }
 
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(conn, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteDataset(transaction, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }
 
        ///
        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
  public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Create the DataAdapter & DataSet
   using( SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd) )
   {
    DataSet ds = new DataSet();

    // Fill the DataSet using default values for DataTable names, etc
    da.Fill(ds);
      
    // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
    cmd.Parameters.Clear();

    // Return the dataset
    return ds;
   }
  }
 
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(trans, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion ExecuteDataset
 
        #region ExecuteReader

        ///


        /// This enum is used to indicate whether the connection was provided by the caller, or created by SqlHelper, so that
        /// we can set the appropriate CommandBehavior when calling ExecuteReader()
        ///

        private enum SqlConnectionOwnership
        {
            /// Connection is owned and managed by SqlHelper
            Internal,
            /// Connection is owned and managed by the caller
            External
        }

        ///


        /// Create and prepare a SqlCommand, and call ExecuteReader with the appropriate CommandBehavior.
        ///

        ///
        /// If we created and opened the connection, we want the connection to be closed when the DataReader is closed.
        ///
        /// If the caller provided the connection, we want to leave it to them to manage.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection, on which to execute this command
        /// A valid SqlTransaction, or 'null'
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParameters to be associated with the command or 'null' if no parameters are required
        /// Indicates whether the connection parameter was provided by the caller, or created by SqlHelper
        /// SqlDataReader containing the results of the command
        private static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlConnection connection, SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, SqlParameter[] commandParameters, SqlConnectionOwnership connectionOwnership)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );

   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
            // Create a command and prepare it for execution
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   try
   {
    PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
  
    // Create a reader
    SqlDataReader dataReader;

    // Call ExecuteReader with the appropriate CommandBehavior
    if (connectionOwnership == SqlConnectionOwnership.External)
    {
     dataReader = cmd.ExecuteReader();
    }
    else
    {
     dataReader = cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);
    }
  
    // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again.
    // HACK: There is a problem here, the output parameter values are fletched
    // when the reader is closed, so if the parameters are detached from the command
    // then the SqlReader can큧 set its values.
    // When this happen, the parameters can큧 be used again in other command.
    bool canClear = true;
    foreach(SqlParameter commandParameter in cmd.Parameters)
    {
     if (commandParameter.Direction != ParameterDirection.Input)
      canClear = false;
    }
           
    if (canClear)
    {
     cmd.Parameters.Clear();
    }

    return dataReader;
   }
   catch
   {
    if( mustCloseConnection )
     connection.Close();
    throw;
   }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteReader(connectionString, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
            SqlConnection connection = null;
            try
            {
    connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
    connection.Open();

                // Call the private overload that takes an internally owned connection in place of the connection string
                return ExecuteReader(connection, null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters,SqlConnectionOwnership.Internal);
            }
            catch
            {
                // If we fail to return the SqlDatReader, we need to close the connection ourselves
                if( connection != null ) connection.Close();
                throw;
            }
           
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(connString, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(string connectionString, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);

                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                return ExecuteReader(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteReader(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteReader(connection, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            // Pass through the call to the private overload using a null transaction value and an externally owned connection
            return ExecuteReader(connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, SqlConnectionOwnership.External);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(conn, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                return ExecuteReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteReader(transaction, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///   SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );

   // Pass through to private overload, indicating that the connection is owned by the caller
            return ExecuteReader(transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, SqlConnectionOwnership.External);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlDataReader dr = ExecuteReader(trans, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                return ExecuteReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion ExecuteReader

        #region ExecuteScalar
 
        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset and takes no parameters) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount");
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteScalar(connectionString, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
            // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                return ExecuteScalar(connection, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(connString, "GetOrderCount", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteScalar(connection, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
  public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Execute the command & return the results
   object retval = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
      
   // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
   cmd.Parameters.Clear();

   if( mustCloseConnection )
    connection.Close();

   return retval;
  }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(conn, "GetOrderCount", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteScalar(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteScalar(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteScalar(transaction, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
  public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Execute the command & return the results
   object retval = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
      
   // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
   cmd.Parameters.Clear();
   return retval;
  }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(trans, "GetOrderCount", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // PPull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteScalar(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteScalar(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion ExecuteScalar

        #region ExecuteXmlReader
        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command using "FOR XML AUTO"
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteXmlReader(connection, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command using "FOR XML AUTO"
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );

   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   try
   {
    PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
  
    // Create the DataAdapter & DataSet
    XmlReader retval = cmd.ExecuteXmlReader();
  
    // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
    cmd.Parameters.Clear();

    return retval;
   }
   catch
   {
    if( mustCloseConnection )
     connection.Close();
    throw;
   }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(conn, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure using "FOR XML AUTO"
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteXmlReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteXmlReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command using "FOR XML AUTO"
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText)
        {
            // Pass through the call providing null for the set of SqlParameters
            return ExecuteXmlReader(transaction, commandType, commandText, (SqlParameter[])null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command using "FOR XML AUTO"
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
  public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(cmd, transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
  
   // Create the DataAdapter & DataSet
   XmlReader retval = cmd.ExecuteXmlReader();
  
   // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
   cmd.Parameters.Clear();
   return retval;  
  }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  XmlReader r = ExecuteXmlReader(trans, "GetOrders", 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReader(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName, params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                return ExecuteXmlReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                return ExecuteXmlReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion ExecuteXmlReader

        #region FillDataset
        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"});
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        public static void FillDataset(string connectionString, CommandType commandType, string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );
           
   // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                FillDataset(connection, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        public static void FillDataset(string connectionString, CommandType commandType,
            string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );
            // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                FillDataset(connection, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames, commandParameters);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, 24);
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///    
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        public static void FillDataset(string connectionString, string spName,
            DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );
            // Create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                // Call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection string
                FillDataset (connection, spName, dataSet, tableNames, parameterValues);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlConnection.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"});
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///    
        public static void FillDataset(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType,
            string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames)
        {
            FillDataset(connection, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames, null);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        public static void FillDataset(SqlConnection connection, CommandType commandType,
            string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            FillDataset(connection, null, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames, commandParameters);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(conn, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        public static void FillDataset(SqlConnection connection, string spName,
            DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params object[] parameterValues)
        {
            if ( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if (dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

   // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                FillDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, dataSet, tableNames, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                FillDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, dataSet, tableNames);
            }   
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset and takes no parameters) against the provided SqlTransaction.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"});
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        public static void FillDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType,
            string commandText,
            DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames)
        {
            FillDataset (transaction, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames, null);   
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
        public static void FillDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType,
            string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            FillDataset(transaction.Connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, dataSet, tableNames, commandParameters);
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the provided parameter values.  This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        ///
        /// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored procedure's return value parameter.
        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(trans, "GetOrders", ds, new string[]{"orders"}, 24, 36);
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        /// An array of objects to be assigned as the input values of the stored procedure
        public static void FillDataset(SqlTransaction transaction, string spName,
            DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
            params object[] parameterValues)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

                // Call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters
                FillDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, dataSet, tableNames, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
    // Otherwise we can just call the SP without params
                FillDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, dataSet, tableNames);
            }   
        }

        ///


        /// Private helper method that execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction and SqlConnection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  FillDataset(conn, trans, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrders", ds, new string[] {"orders"}, new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection
        /// A valid SqlTransaction
        /// The CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)
        /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
        /// A dataset wich will contain the resultset generated by the command
        /// This array will be used to create table mappings allowing the DataTables to be referenced
        /// by a user defined name (probably the actual table name)
        ///
        /// An array of SqlParamters used to execute the command
  private static void FillDataset(SqlConnection connection, SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType,
   string commandText, DataSet dataSet, string[] tableNames,
   params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( dataSet == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "dataSet" );

   // Create a command and prepare it for execution
   SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand();
   bool mustCloseConnection = false;
   PrepareCommand(command, connection, transaction, commandType, commandText, commandParameters, out mustCloseConnection );
      
   // Create the DataAdapter & DataSet
   using( SqlDataAdapter dataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(command) )
   {
               
    // Add the table mappings specified by the user
    if (tableNames != null && tableNames.Length > 0)
    {
     string tableName = "Table";
     for (int index=0; index < tableNames.Length; index++)
     {
      if( tableNames[index] == null || tableNames[index].Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentException( "The tableNames parameter must contain a list of tables, a value was provided as null or empty string.", "tableNames" );
      dataAdapter.TableMappings.Add(tableName, tableNames[index]);
      tableName += (index + 1).ToString();
     }
    }
               
    // Fill the DataSet using default values for DataTable names, etc
    dataAdapter.Fill(dataSet);

    // Detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used again
    command.Parameters.Clear();
   }

   if( mustCloseConnection )
    connection.Close();
  }
  #endregion
       
        #region UpdateDataset
        ///


        /// Executes the respective command for each inserted, updated, or deleted row in the DataSet.
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  UpdateDataset(conn, insertCommand, deleteCommand, updateCommand, dataSet, "Order");
        ///

        /// A valid transact-SQL statement or stored procedure to insert new records into the data source
        /// A valid transact-SQL statement or stored procedure to delete records from the data source
        /// A valid transact-SQL statement or stored procedure used to update records in the data source
        /// The DataSet used to update the data source
        /// The DataTable used to update the data source.
        public static void UpdateDataset(SqlCommand insertCommand, SqlCommand deleteCommand, SqlCommand updateCommand, DataSet dataSet, string tableName)
        {
   if( insertCommand == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "insertCommand" );
   if( deleteCommand == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "deleteCommand" );
   if( updateCommand == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "updateCommand" );
   if( tableName == null || tableName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "tableName" );

            // Create a SqlDataAdapter, and dispose of it after we are done
            using (SqlDataAdapter dataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter())
            {
                // Set the data adapter commands
                dataAdapter.UpdateCommand = updateCommand;
                dataAdapter.InsertCommand = insertCommand;
                dataAdapter.DeleteCommand = deleteCommand;

                // Update the dataset changes in the data source
                dataAdapter.Update (dataSet, tableName);

                // Commit all the changes made to the DataSet
                dataSet.AcceptChanges();
            }
        }
        #endregion

        #region CreateCommand
        ///


        /// Simplify the creation of a Sql command object by allowing
        /// a stored procedure and optional parameters to be provided
        ///

        ///
        /// e.g.: 
        ///  SqlCommand command = CreateCommand(conn, "AddCustomer", "CustomerID", "CustomerName");
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of string to be assigned as the source columns of the stored procedure parameters
        /// A valid SqlCommand object
        public static SqlCommand CreateCommand(SqlConnection connection, string spName, params string[] sourceColumns)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // Create a SqlCommand
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand( spName, connection );
            cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

            // If we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go
            if ((sourceColumns != null) && (sourceColumns.Length > 0))
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);

                // Assign the provided source columns to these parameters based on parameter order
                for (int index=0; index < sourceColumns.Length; index++)
                    commandParameters[index].SourceColumn = sourceColumns[index];

                // Attach the discovered parameters to the SqlCommand object
                AttachParameters (cmd, commandParameters);
            }

            return cmd;
        }
        #endregion

        #region ExecuteNonQueryTypedParams
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQueryTypedParams(String connectionString, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if (dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
                               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values. 
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQueryTypedParams(SqlConnection connection, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if (dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
                               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified
        /// SqlTransaction using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An int representing the number of rows affected by the command
        public static int ExecuteNonQueryTypedParams(SqlTransaction transaction, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // Sf the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if (dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
                               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }
        #endregion

        #region ExecuteDatasetTypedParams
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDatasetTypedParams(string connectionString, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            //If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if ( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the dataRow column values as the store procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDatasetTypedParams(SqlConnection connection, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on row values.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A dataset containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static DataSet ExecuteDatasetTypedParams(SqlTransaction transaction, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteDataset(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region ExecuteReaderTypedParams
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReaderTypedParams(String connectionString, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if ( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0 )
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

               
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReaderTypedParams(SqlConnection connection, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }
       
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// A SqlDataReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReaderTypedParams(SqlTransaction transaction, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0 )
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }
        #endregion

        #region ExecuteScalarTypedParams
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the database specified in
        /// the connection string using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalarTypedParams(String connectionString, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );
  
   // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalarTypedParams(SqlConnection connection, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by the command
        public static object ExecuteScalarTypedParams(SqlTransaction transaction, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteScalar(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }
        #endregion

        #region ExecuteXmlReaderTypedParams
        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlConnection
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReaderTypedParams(SqlConnection connection, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteXmlReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteXmlReader(connection, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified SqlTransaction
        /// using the dataRow column values as the stored procedure's parameters values.
        /// This method will query the database to discover the parameters for the
        /// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and assign the values based on parameter order.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlTransaction object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// The dataRow used to hold the stored procedure's parameter values.
        /// An XmlReader containing the resultset generated by the command
        public static XmlReader ExecuteXmlReaderTypedParams(SqlTransaction transaction, String spName, DataRow dataRow)
        {
   if( transaction == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "transaction" );
   if( transaction != null && transaction.Connection == null ) throw new ArgumentException( "The transaction was rollbacked or commited, please provide an open transaction.", "transaction" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            // If the row has values, the store procedure parameters must be initialized
            if( dataRow != null && dataRow.ItemArray.Length > 0)
            {
                // Pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or discover them & populate the cache)
                SqlParameter[] commandParameters = SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(transaction.Connection, spName);
               
                // Set the parameters values
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, dataRow);
               
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteXmlReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName, commandParameters);
            }
            else
            {
                return SqlHelper.ExecuteXmlReader(transaction, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);
            }
        }
        #endregion

    }

 ///


 /// SqlHelperParameterCache provides functions to leverage a static cache of procedure parameters, and the
 /// ability to discover parameters for stored procedures at run-time.
 ///

 public sealed class SqlHelperParameterCache
 {
  #region private methods, variables, and constructors

  //Since this class provides only static methods, make the default constructor private to prevent
  //instances from being created with "new SqlHelperParameterCache()"
  private SqlHelperParameterCache() {}

  private static Hashtable paramCache = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());

        ///


        /// Resolve at run time the appropriate set of SqlParameters for a stored procedure
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// Whether or not to include their return value parameter
        /// The parameter array discovered.
  private static SqlParameter[] DiscoverSpParameterSet(SqlConnection connection, string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)
  {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

   SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(spName, connection);
   cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

   connection.Open();
   SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(cmd);
   connection.Close();

   if (!includeReturnValueParameter)
   {
    cmd.Parameters.RemoveAt(0);
   }
               
   SqlParameter[] discoveredParameters = new SqlParameter[cmd.Parameters.Count];

   cmd.Parameters.CopyTo(discoveredParameters, 0);

   // Init the parameters with a DBNull value
   foreach (SqlParameter discoveredParameter in discoveredParameters)
   {
    discoveredParameter.Value = DBNull.Value;
   }
   return discoveredParameters;
  }

  ///


  /// Deep copy of cached SqlParameter array
  ///

  ///
  ///
  private static SqlParameter[] CloneParameters(SqlParameter[] originalParameters)
  {
   SqlParameter[] clonedParameters = new SqlParameter[originalParameters.Length];

   for (int i = 0, j = originalParameters.Length; i < j; i++)
   {
    clonedParameters[i] = (SqlParameter)((ICloneable)originalParameters[i]).Clone();
   }

   return clonedParameters;
  }

  #endregion private methods, variables, and constructors

  #region caching functions

  ///


  /// Add parameter array to the cache
  ///

  /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
  /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
  /// An array of SqlParamters to be cached
  public static void CacheParameterSet(string connectionString, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)
  {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( commandText == null || commandText.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "commandText" );

   string hashKey = connectionString + ":" + commandText;

   paramCache[hashKey] = commandParameters;
  }

  ///


  /// Retrieve a parameter array from the cache
  ///

  /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
  /// The stored procedure name or T-SQL command
  /// An array of SqlParamters
  public static SqlParameter[] GetCachedParameterSet(string connectionString, string commandText)
  {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( commandText == null || commandText.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "commandText" );

   string hashKey = connectionString + ":" + commandText;

   SqlParameter[] cachedParameters = paramCache[hashKey] as SqlParameter[];
   if (cachedParameters == null)
   {  
    return null;
   }
   else
   {
    return CloneParameters(cachedParameters);
   }
  }

  #endregion caching functions

  #region Parameter Discovery Functions

  ///


  /// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure
  ///

  ///
  /// This method will query the database for this information, and then store it in a cache for future requests.
  ///

  /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
  /// The name of the stored procedure
  /// An array of SqlParameters
  public static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(string connectionString, string spName)
  {
   return GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName, false);
  }

  ///


  /// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure
  ///

  ///
  /// This method will query the database for this information, and then store it in a cache for future requests.
  ///

  /// A valid connection string for a SqlConnection
  /// The name of the stored procedure
  /// A bool value indicating whether the return value parameter should be included in the results
  /// An array of SqlParameters
  public static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(string connectionString, string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)
  {
   if( connectionString == null || connectionString.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connectionString" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            using(SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                return GetSpParameterSetInternal(connection, spName, includeReturnValueParameter);
            }
  }

        ///


        /// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure
        ///

        ///
        /// This method will query the database for this information, and then store it in a cache for future requests.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// An array of SqlParameters
        internal static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(SqlConnection connection, string spName)
        {
            return GetSpParameterSet(connection, spName, false);
        }

        ///


        /// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure
        ///

        ///
        /// This method will query the database for this information, and then store it in a cache for future requests.
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// A bool value indicating whether the return value parameter should be included in the results
        /// An array of SqlParameters
        internal static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(SqlConnection connection, string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
            using (SqlConnection clonedConnection = (SqlConnection)((ICloneable)connection).Clone())
            {
                return GetSpParameterSetInternal(clonedConnection, spName, includeReturnValueParameter);
            }
        }

        ///


        /// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure
        ///

        /// A valid SqlConnection object
        /// The name of the stored procedure
        /// A bool value indicating whether the return value parameter should be included in the results
        /// An array of SqlParameters
        private static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSetInternal(SqlConnection connection, string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)
        {
   if( connection == null ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "connection" );
   if( spName == null || spName.Length == 0 ) throw new ArgumentNullException( "spName" );

            string hashKey = connection.ConnectionString + ":" + spName + (includeReturnValueParameter ? ":include ReturnValue Parameter":"");

            SqlParameter[] cachedParameters;
        
            cachedParameters = paramCache[hashKey] as SqlParameter[];
            if (cachedParameters == null)
            {
                SqlParameter[] spParameters = DiscoverSpParameterSet(connection, spName, includeReturnValueParameter);
          paramCache[hashKey] = spParameters;
                cachedParameters = spParameters;
            }
        
            return CloneParameters(cachedParameters);
        }
       
  #endregion Parameter Discovery Functions

 }
}

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